ASHRAE-55 2023 References

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Arens, Edward, Stephen Turner, Hanren Zhang, and Gwelen Paliaga. “Moving Air for Comfort.” ASHRAE Journal 51 (May 1, 2009): 18–28.
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ASHRAE. “Performance Measurement Protocols for Commercial Buildings: Best Practices Guide,” 2012.
Bean, Robert, and Rodrigo Mora. “Prioritizing Thermal Comfort for Homes.” ASHRAE Journal 60, no. 00012491 (September 1, 2018): 28–40.
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Berglund, Larry G., and Richard R. Gonzalez. “Application of Acceptable Temperature Drifts to Built Environments as a Mode of Energy Conservation.” ASHRAE Transactions 84(1) (1978): 110–21.
Berglund, Larry G., and Richard R. Gonzalez. “Occupant Acceptability of Eight-Hour-Long Temperature Ramps in the Summer at Low and High Humidities.” ASHRAE Journal 84(2) (January 1, 1978): 278–84.
Bligh, John, and K. G. Johnson. “Glossary of Terms for Thermal Physiology.” Journal of Applied Physiology 35, no. 6 (December 1973): 941–61.
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de Dear, Richard, and Marc Fountain. “Field Experiments on Occupant Comfort and Office Thermal Environments in a Hot-Humid Climate.” ASHRAE Transactions 100(2) (1994): 457–75.
Donnini, Giovanna, Van H. Nguyen, Dorothy H.C. Lai, Michel LaFlamme, Fariborz Haghighat, Jean Molina, Ho K. Lai, Carlo Martello, and Ching Y. Chang. “Field Study of Occupant Comfort and Office Thermal Environments in a Cold Climate,” 103(2):1–16. Boston: ASHRAE Transactions, 1997.
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Fanger, Povl Ole, Arsen Krikor Melikov, Hisashi Hanzawa, and James W. Ring. “Air Turbulence and Sensation of Draught.” Energy and Buildings 12, no. 1 (April 24, 1988): 21–39.
Fanger, Povl Ole, Bjarne W. Olesen, Gunnar Langklide, and László Bánhidi. “Comfort Limits for Heated Ceilings.” ASHRAE Transactions 86(2) (1980): 141–56.
Fishman, D.S., and S.L. Pimbert. “Survey of Subjective Responses to the Thermal Environment in Offices.” In Effects of Indoor Climate on Human Comfort, Performance and Health in Residential, Commercial and Light Industry Buildings, 5:677–98. Copenhagen: British Gas Corporation, 1978.
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Földváry Ličina, Veronika, Toby Cheung, Hui Zhang, Richard de Dear, Thomas Parkinson, Edward Arens, Chungyoon Chun, et al. “Development of the ASHRAE Global Thermal Comfort Database II.” Building and Environment 142 (September 1, 2018): 502–12.
Fountain, Marc E., and Edward A. Arens. “Air Movement and Thermal Comfort.” ASHRAE Journal 35, no. 8 (August 1993): 26–30.
Fountain, Marc E., Edward A Arens, Tengfang Xu, Fred S. Bauman, and Masayuki Oguru. “An Investigation of Thermal Comfort at High Humidities.” ASHRAE Transactions 105(2) (1999): 1–10.
Fountain, Marc E., and Charlie Huizenga. “A Thermal Sensation Model for Use by the Engineering Profession.” Final Report. ASHRAE. Environmental Analytics, June 1, 1995.
Gagge, Adolf Pharo, Alain P. Fobelets, and Larry G. Berglund. “A Standard Predictive Index of Human Response to the Thermal Environment.” ASHRAE Transactions 92(2) (January 1, 1986): 709–31.
Gagge, Adolf Pharo, and Ralph G. Nevins. “Effect of Energy Conservation Guidelines on Comfort, Acceptability, and Health. Final Report.” John B. Pierce Foundation of Connecticut, Inc., New Haven (USA), March 1, 1976.
Gagge, Adolf Pharo, Yasunobu Nishi, and Ralph G. Nevins. “The Role of Clothing in Meeting FEA Energy Conservation Guidelines.” ASHRAE Transactions 82, no. 2 (1976): 234–47.
Gong, Nan, Kwok Wai Tham, Arsen Krikor Melikov, David Peter Wyon, Chandra Sekhar, and David K.W. Cheong. “The Acceptable Air Velocity Range for Local Air Movement in the Tropics.” HVAC&R Research 12, no. 4 (October 1, 2006): 1065–76.
Gonzalez, Richard R., Yasunobu Nishi, and Adolf Pharo Gagge. “Experimental Evaluation of Standard Effective Temperature a New Biometeorological Index of Man’s Thermal Discomfort.” International Journal of Biometeorology 18, no. 1 (March 1, 1974): 1–15.
Griffiths, I. D., and Donald A. McIntyre. “Sensitivity to Temporal Variations in Thermal Conditions.” Ergonomics 17, no. 4 (July 1, 1974): 499–507.
Hanzawa, Hisashi, Arsen Krikor Melikov, and Povl Ole Fanger. “Airflow Characteristics in the Occupied Zone of Ventilated Spaces.” ASHRAE Transactions 93, no. 1 (1987): 524–39.
Havenith, George, and Simon G. Hodder. “ASHRAE RP 1760 Part 2: Update of Clothing Insulation Database for Western Clothing Ensembles, Including Effects of Posture, Body Movement and Air Velocity. Medical Clothing.” Atlanta: ASHRAE, 2022.
Humphreys, Michael. “Outdoor Temperatures and Comfort Indoors.” Batiment International, Building Research and Practice 6, no. 2 (January 1, 1978): 92–92.
Jones, Byron W., Kai Hsieh, and M. Hashinaga. “The Effect of Air Velocity on Thermal Comfort at Moderate Activity Levels.” ASHRAE Transactions 92:2B (January 1, 1986): 761–69.
Kubo, Hiroko, Norio Isoda, and Hikaru Enomoto-Koshimizu. “Cooling Effects of Preferred Air Velocity in Muggy Conditions.” Building and Environment 32, no. 3 (May 1, 1997): 211–18.
ISO. "ISO 7726-1998. Ergonomics of the Thermal Environment — Instruments for Measuring Physical Quantities." 2012.
ISO. "ISO 7730-2005. Ergonomics of the Thermal Environment — Analytical Determination and Interpretation of Thermal Comfort Using Calculation of the PMV and PPD Indices and Local Thermal Comfort Criteria" 2015. ​
Lammers, J. T. H., Larry G. Berglund, and Jan A.J. Stolwijk. “Energy Conservation and Thermal Comfort in a New York City High Rise Office Building.” Environmental Management 2, no. 2 (March 1, 1978): 113–17.
Laviana, Joseph E., Frederick H. Rohles, and Paul E. Bullock. “Humidity, Comfort and Contact Lenses.” ASHRAE Transactions 94 (1988): 3–11.
Li, Peixian, Thomas Parkinson, Gail Brager, Stefano Schiavon, Toby C. T. Cheung, and Thomas Froese. “A Data-Driven Approach to Defining Acceptable Temperature Ranges in Buildings.” Building and Environment 153 (April 15, 2019): 302–12.
Liu, Shichao, Stefano Schiavon, Alan Kabanshi, and William W Nazaroff. “Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied with Ankle Draft.” Indoor Air 27, no. 4 (2017): 852–62.
Liu, Shichao, Zhe Wang, Stefano Schiavon, Yingdong He, Maohui Luo, Hui Zhang, and Edward Arens. “Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied with Vertical Temperature Gradient.” Energy and Buildings 220 (August 1, 2020): 110085.
McCullough, Elizabeth A., Byron W. Jones, and Janice E. Huck. “A Comprehensive Data Base for Estimating Clothing Insulation.” ASHRAE Journal 91(2a) (1985): 29–47.
McCullough, Elizabeth A., Bjarne W. Olesen, and Sungae Hong. “Thermal Insulation Provided by Chairs.” ASHRAE Transactions 100(1) (1994): 795–802.
McCullough, Elizabeth A., and David Peter Wyon. “Insulation Characteristics of Winter and Summer Indoor Clothing.” ASHRAE Transactions 89(2b) (1983): 614–33.
McIntyre, Donald A. “Overhead Radiation and Comfort.” The Building Services Engineer 44 (January 1977): 226–34.
McIntyre, Donald A. “Preferred Air Speeds for Comfort in Warm Conditions.” In ASHRAE Transactions, 84(2):264–77. Albuquerque, 1978.
McNall, Preston E., and Ronald Eugene Biddison. “Thermal and Comfort Sensations of Sedentary Persons Exposed to Asymmetric Radiant Fields.” ASHRAE Transactions 76(1) (1970): 123–36.
McNall, Preston E., J. Jaax, Frederick H. Rohles, Ralph G. Nevins, and W. Springer. “Thermal Comfort (Thermally Neutral) Conditions for Three Levels of Activity.” ASHRAE Transactions 73 (1967): 1–14.
Melikov, Arsen Krikor, Hisashi Hanzawa, and Povl Ole Fanger. “Airflow Characteristics in the Occupied Zone of Heated Spaces without Mechanical Ventilation.” ASHRAE Transactions, 1988.
Mihara, Kuniaki, Chandra Sekhar, Kwok Wai Tham, Yuichi Takemasa, and Bertrand Lasternas. “Effects of Temperature, Air Movement and Initial Metabolic Rate on Thermal Sensation during Transient State in the Tropics.” Building and Environment 155 (May 15, 2019): 70–82.
Mishra, Asit Kumar, Marcel G.L.C. Loomans, and Jan L.M. Hensen. “Thermal Comfort of Heterogeneous and Dynamic Indoor Conditions — An Overview.” Building and Environment 109 (November 15, 2016): 82–100.
Miura, Mayumi, and Toshiharu Ikaga. “Human Response to the Indoor Environment under Fluctuating Temperature.” Science and Technology for the Built Environment 22, no. 6 (August 17, 2016): 820–30.
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Nevins, Ralph G., and Arlin M. Feyerherm. “Effect of Floor Surface Temperature on Comfort: Part IV, Cold Floors.” ASHRAE Transactions 73(2) (1967): III.2.1-III.2.8.
Nevins, Ralph G., K.B. Michaels, and Arlin M. Feyerherm. “The Effect of Floor Surface Temperature on Comfort: Part II, College Age Females.” ASHRAE Transactions 70 (1964): 37–43.
Nicol, Fergus, and Michael Humphreys. “Adaptive Thermal Comfort and Sustainable Thermal Standards for Buildings.” Energy and Buildings, Special Issue on Thermal Comfort Standards, 34, no. 6 (July 1, 2002): 563–72.
Nicol, Fergus, Michael Humphreys, and Susan Roaf. Adaptive Thermal Comfort: Principles and Practice. 1st ed. London: Earthscan from Routledge, 2012.
Nielsen, Bodil, I. Oddershede, A. Torp, and Povl Ole Fanger. “Thermal Comfort during Continuous and Intermittent Work.” Danish Building Research Institute, Copenhagen, 1979, 477–90.
Olesen, Bjarne W.. “Thermal Comfort Requirements for Floors.” In Proceedings of the Meeting Commissions B1, B2, E1 of IIR, Belgrade, 337–43. Belgrade, 1977.
Olesen, Bjarne W. “Thermal Comfort Requirements for Floors Occupied by People with Bare Feet.” ASHRAE Transactions 83(2) (1977): 41–57.
Olesen, Bjarne W., Povl Ole Fanger, P.B. Jensen, and Ove J. Nielsen. “Comfort Limits for Man Exposed to Asymmetric Thermal Radiation.” In HMSO London, 133–48. Watford, U.K.: HMSO London, 1973.
Olesen, Bjarne W., E. Mortensen, Jørgen Thorshauge, and Birger Berg-Munch. “Thermal Comfort in a Room Heated by Different Methods.” ASHRAE Transactions 86 (1980): 34–48.
Olesen, Bjarne W., Morten Scholer, and Povl Ole Fanger. “Discomfort Caused by Vertical Air Temperature Differences.” Danish Building Research Institute, Copenhagen, 1979, 569–79.
Parkinson, Thomas, and Richard de Dear. “Thermal Pleasure in Built Environments: Physiology of Alliesthesia.” Building Research & Information 43, no. 3 (May 4, 2015): 288–301.
Parkinson, Thomas, Richard de Dear, and Gail Brager. “Nudging the Adaptive Thermal Comfort Model.” Energy and Buildings 206 (January 1, 2020): 109559.
Parkinson, Thomas, Hui Zhang, Edward A. Arens, Yingdong He, Richard de Dear, John Elson, Alex Parkinson, Clay Maranville, and Andrew Wang. “Predicting Thermal Pleasure Experienced in Dynamic Environments from Simulated Cutaneous Thermoreceptor Activity.” Indoor Air 31, no. 6 (2021): 2266–80.
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Rohles, Frederick H., Byron W. Jones, and Stephan A. Konz. “Ceiling Fans as Extenders of the Summer Comfort Envelope.” ASHRAE Transactions 89:1A (January 1, 1983): 245–63.
Rohles, Frederick H., George A. Milliken, Donald E. Skipton, and Ivanka Krstic. “Thermal Comfort during Cyclical Temperature Fluctuations.” RP-198 86(2) (1980): 125–40.
Rohles, Frederick H., James E. Woods, and Ralph G. Nevins. “The Effect of Air Speed and Temperature on the Thermal Sensations of Sedentary Man.” ASHRAE Transactions 80(1) (1974): 101–19.
Rohles, Frederick H., James E. Woods, and Ralph G. Nevins. “The Influence of Clothing and Temperature on Sedentary Comfort.” ASHRAE Transactions 79 (1973): 71–80.
Scheatzle, David G., Hofu Wu, and John Ingle Yellott. “Extending the Summer Comfort Envelope with Ceiling Fans in Hot, Arid Climates.” ASHRAE Transactions 95(1) (1989): 269–80.
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Smallcombe, James W., George Havenith, Simon G. Hodder, Dennis Loveday, Kalev Kuklane, Jakob Petersson, Amitava Halder, and Magdalena Mlynarczyk. “ASHRAE RP 1760 Part 1: Update of Clothing Insulation Database for Western Clothing Ensembles, Including Effects of Posture, Body Movement and Air Velocity.” Atlanta: ASHRAE, 2022.
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Zhai, Yongchao, Christopher Elsworth, Edward Arens, Hui Zhang, Yufeng Zhang, and Lihua Zhao. “Using Air Movement for Comfort during Moderate Exercise.” Building and Environment 94 (December 1, 2015): 344–52.
Zhai, Yongchao, Fengyu Miao, Liu Yang, Shengkai Zhao, Hui Zhang, and Edward Arens. “Using Personally Controlled Air Movement to Improve Comfort after Simulated Summer Commute.” Building and Environment 165 (November 1, 2019).
Zhai, Yongchao, Shengkai Zhao, Liu Yang, Na Wei, Qinyun Xu, Hui Zhang, and Edward Arens. “Transient Human Thermophysiological and Comfort Responses Indoors after Simulated Summer Commutes.” Building and Environment 157 (June 15, 2019): 257–67.
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